China Starts Work on $20B Pipeline for Turkmen Gas
by Xinhua News Agency
February 22, 2008
China began work on its second
west-to-east natural gas transmission pipeline on Friday. It will mainly carry
natural gas from Turkmenistan and China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region to
the Yangtze and Pearl River deltas, the country's two most developed regions.
It was the first time China had started a project to pipe natural gas from a
Construction of the 9,102-kilometer pipeline, which consists of a main line and
eight sub-lines, will cost 142.2 billion yuan (about US$20 billion).
In his congratulatory letter, President Hu Jintao said the pipeline was of
"strategic significance" and would help "optimize the country's energy structure
and maintain energy security."
He hoped the people involved in the construction of the pipeline would strive to
make the project "first class."
With a designed gas transmission capacity of 30 billion cubic meters annually,
the pipeline would traverse 12 provinces and autonomous regions before reaching
Shanghai and the southern Guangdong Province.
Premier Wen Jiabao called on workers to ensure the quality of the project and
make technical innovations to save land and other resources with a view to
protecting the environment.
Vice Premier Zeng Peiyan said the country needed to continue integrating
domestic pipeline construction with international cooperation in the oil and gas
The main line extending 4,843 km would start from Khorgos in northwestern
Xinjiang to Guangzhou, capital of Guangdong Province.
The western segment of the main line would go into operation by 2009. The
eastern segment would start by June 2011, said Jiang Jiemin, general manager of
China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC), leader of the pipeline
By the time the line goes into full operation, it will pipe gas, mainly from two
contracted fields in Turkmenistan, to serve civilians, public facilities and
producers who combine heat and power generation. Two domestic gas regions --
Tarim and Changqing -- would be the emergency sources.
Amid rising global oil prices and growing environmental concerns, China is
looking for cheaper and cleaner energy sources. The country planned to raise the
ratio of natural gas in its energy consumption by 2.5 percentage points to 5.3
percent by 2010, a figure still far below the international average of 25
The country is endeavoring to build a natural gas transmission network covering
its whole territory. The first massive project to pipe natural gas from west to
east was put into commercial operation in late 2004, starting from Xinjiang's
Tarim Basin and going to Shanghai.
The pipeline extending 4,000 km traverses 10 province-level regions with a
designed annual gas transmission capacity of 12 billion cubic meters. This can
ensure a stable gas supply for 30 years.
In August, China Petroleum and Chemical Corporation (Sinopec), the country's
second largest oil firm after CNPC, started construction of its project to
transmit gas from the Puguang field in the southwestern Sichuan Province to
Copyright 2008 XINHUA NEWS AGENCY.